DOMESTIC VIOLENCE NRS 200.485

Do not take a domestic violence charge lightly, even if it is only a misdemeanor charge. If you plea guilty or no contest to a domestic violence charge you will lose your gun rights. You will be federally prohibited from possessing a firearm and the State of Nevada prohibits possession of a firearm as well now if you have a domestic violence conviction. This is why you should always fight a domestic violence charge if you value your 2nd Amendment rights.

A domestic violence offense will also cause severe immigration consequences.

Similar to DUIs, domestic violence charges use a 7-year window to enhance the penalties. A domestic violence 1st offense in seven years is a misdemeanor. A 2nd domestic violence in 7 years is still a misdemeanor. A 3rd domestic violence offense in 7 years is a felony and carries a 1 to 5 year prison sentence. Furthermore, regardless of the number of offenses, if strangulation occurs this will cause it to be a felony offense, even if your 1st offense.

A domestic violence charge is a battery upon another person who is in a special relationship with the aggressor. The most common are a battery upon a spouse, significant other, ex lover, relative or roommate. This relationship combined with a battery triggers a domestic violence charge.

Domestic Violence 1st

A misdemeanor domestic violence 1st conviction imposes a minimum 2 days jail to a maximum 6 months of jail, a minimum 48 hours to a maximum 120 hours of community service, and at minimum 6 months of counseling. You will also lose the right to possess a firearm. It also carries a fine up to $1000. Domestic violence counseling is a 1 and a half-hour long class which you must pay for. The Judge may further impose other conditions such a stay away order from the victim.

Domestic Violence 2nd

Your second offense in 7 years is still a misdemeanor, but it carries harsher penalties and brings you one step closer to a felony. A misdemeanor domestic violence 2nd conviction has a 10 days minimum to a maximum 6 months jail sentence, a minimum 100 hours to a maximum 200 hours of community service, a fine up to $1000 and 12 months of weekly counseling.

Domestic Violence 3rd

A third offense within 7 years is a category C felony, which carries a minimum 1-year to a maximum 5-year prison sentence and a fine up to $10,000. This felony offense is not probational. Furthermore, one can be charged with a felony, regardless of prior offenses if strangulation or substantial bodily harm occurs.

STRANGULATION OR SUBSTANTIAL BODILY HARM

Even a 1st offense DV offense may become a felony if strangulation or substantial bodily harm occurs.  In cases like these, do not take them lightly even if it is your 1st offense.  You are looking at prison time without probation.

OTHER CHARGES ASSOCIATED WITH A DOMESTIC VIOLENCE

It is not uncommon to see other charges filed against someone who has been charged with a domestic violence offense.  The 2 most common offenses are coercion and kidnapping.  These are both felonies and would entitle you to a jury trial.  A lot of times these are overcharged offenses in order to put pressure on you to plea to the lesser offense, which would be the misdemeanor domestic violence.  This is why it is important to discuss these charges with an attorney to see if there is any merit to them and how to fight the additional charges.

DEFENSES

There are various types of defenses when it comes to domestic violence.  A common defense to a DV charge is lack of intent, such as an accident.  Self-defense is another common defense when one if charge with a DV.

The alleged victim is also a potential defense.  It is common for people to lie and allege a battery or assault in order to get revenge or some sort of advantage over the other party.  Proving an alleged victim made the incident up could be a defense.

Also, prosecutors have to prove an actual relationship in order for it to be a “domestic” battery.  If they can’t prove the relationship, then it should be a simple battery at worst.

Read our detailed series, the Anatomy of Domestic Violence Defense below.  Former prosecutor and now defense attorney Michael Anello takes you through domestic violence defense from start to finish.

See Anatomy of Domestic Violence Defense Part One here.

See Anatomy of Domestic Violence Defense Part Two here.

See Anatomy of Domestic Violence Defense Part Three here.

See Anatomy of Domestic Violence Defense Part Four here.

See Anatomy of Domestic Violence Defense Part Five here.

See Anatomy of Domestic Violence Defense Part Six here.

JURY TRIAL

Recently, Nevada’s Supreme Court ruled that even misdemeanor DV offenses are entitled to a jury trial.  Misdemeanor DVs no longer are bench trials with just a judge determining your guilt.

Since your Second Amendment rights are on the line it is important to hire a firm like ours that is willing to go to trial if needed. Contact us today for a fee consultation at 702-895-9111.

GETTING ARRESTED WHILE ON VACATION IN LAS VEGAS

If someone you know was arrested while on vacation in Las Vegas, click here on how to find and contact the jail.

ARREST WARRANT

If you have a bench warrant or an arrest warrant call us, we can file the appropriate motion and start fighting for you today.  For more information of warrants, click here.

TEMPORARY PROTECTION ORDERS

FIGHTING A TEMPORARY PROTECTIVE ORDER

Q – How can I fight the TPO (Temporary Protective Order) filed against me?

A – We can fight it for you.

Q – How do you fight it, and how can we win?

A – We fight it by showing up in court on the date of the return hearing.

Then we cross-examine the Applicants/Petitioners. After the Applicants/Petitioners testify you have the option of testifying (and PROBABLY being cross-examined) as well.

Q – How are TPO’s usually won against a person seeking one?

A – The judge would have to rule that the information in the record after the hearing is legally insufficient to constitute Domestic Violence, Stalking, Harassment or Aggravated Stalking.

Q – What do those things mean? (see DEFINITIONS below)

“Domestic Violence” occurs when:

  • There is some kind of family or dating relationship where domestic violence has happened.
  • Domestic violence can be an assault, battery, stalking, trespassing, destruction of private property, injuring or killing an animal, threats to do any of these things, and several other acts.  (NRS 33.018)
  • This kind of TPO will be through Family Court. The rest are through Justice Court.

“Harassment” occurs when:

  • The adverse party threatens to harm another person in the future, damages another person’s property, confines or restrains another person, or does any act intended to substantially harm another person’s physical or mental health or safety; AND
  • The adverse party’s words or conduct causes the applicant to reasonably fear that the threats will be carried out.  (NRS 200.571.)

“Stalking” occurs when:

  • The adverse party engages in a course of conduct that would cause a reasonable person to feel terrorized, frightened, intimidated, or harassed or fearful for the immediate safety of a family or household member, AND
  • The applicant actually feels terrorized, frightened, or intimidated or fearful for the immediate safety of a family or household member.  (NRS 200.575(1).)

“Aggravated stalking” occurs when:

  • The adverse party engages in “stalking” as defined above, AND
  • The adverse party threatens a person with the intent to cause him to be placed in reasonable fear of death or substantial bodily harm.  (NRS 200.575(2).)

Q – So how do we convince the judge that the information in the record is insufficient?

A – The same way we win jury trials – through impeachment via cross-examination.

Q – What’s impeachment?

A – Attacking the veracity of a person’s statement.

Q – How do you do that?

A – There are at least nine (9) ways:

  1. Prior inconsistent statements; 2. Bias/interest/motive; 3. Bad character for truthfulness; 4. Prior convictions; 5. Prior bad acts; 6. Contradictory facts, 7. Mental and physical defects, 8. Poor opportunity to observe, 9. Drug and alcohol use.

Q – Is this hearing in front of a judge or a jury?

A – Only in front of a judge.

Q – How long does this all take?

A – Depending on how many other cases/people are there – usually less than an hour.

Q – What is the standard of proof and whose burden is it?

A- It is the Applicant’s burden, and the burden is Preponderance of The Evidence.

Q – What is Preponderance of The Evidence?

A – It is the slightest simple majority – if the judge decides it’s 51% to 49% in their favor, the Order is granted. If the opposite is true, you win.  But typically, Judges err on the side of caution and impose a TPO.

Q – How fast does the judge decide?

A – Almost right away – and the Judge will then put the reasons for his or her decision on the record right after the hearing.

Q – Will losing my TPO be bad for my criminal case?

A – No. In fact, your TPO is a valuable tool to cross examine the alleged victim.  The victim’s testimony may be used at trial to impeach he or she if they lie or the story changes.  You may also learn about other evidence that may exist that was not listed in the police reports, which could become part of your defense.

 

This is solely for informative purposes. This does not create a client-attorney relationship. Always seek legal advice from a licensed attorney.

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